Author: Your All Notes

A Child Is Born Germaine Greer 1 How does a traditional society look into pregnancy? OR, What kind of treatment does a woman in Nepal/India/ Bangladesh/traditional society receive during pregnancy? Traditional societies view pregnancy as a great achievement for a woman. If she cannot bear children she is considered a failure in her personal life and useless in the eyes of the society. A pregnant woman has to observe certain taboos, prohibitions and rituals. All these help to keep her mentally free and lessen her pain and fear. She is helped by her husband and other members of family and…

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The Children Who Wait Marsha Trought 1 According to Marsha Traugot, what changes are transforming the American adoption scene?  Marsha Traugot describes some changes that are transforming the American adoption scene. Before 1960, childless white parents adopted only healthy white children. Black and grown up children were not adopted. Physically or/and mentally disabled children were treated as damaged goods that no one wanted to keep. Now people have started adopting black, handicapped and grown up children as well. The writer presents the case of a black girl named Tammy who is suffering from a disease. Now children like her are…

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UNIT 6: WOMEN AND CHILDREN Women’s Business Ilene Kantrov 1 What is the thesis/theme/main idea of the essay?  The thesis/theme of the essay is that women can also run business and succeed like men. The writer describes how women in America started and flourished business. The businesswomen mentioned in the essay adopted new business strategies to become successful. They also combined business with social service. They earned not only money but also respectable position in the society. The essay supports women’s equal rights and their social and economic reform. 2 How did the businesswomen (female entrepreneur) differ from their male…

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UNIT 5: HUMAN RIGHTS I Have a Dream Martin Luther King, Jr. 1 What is Martin Luther King’s dream about the future of America? OR, Discuss Martin Luther King’s speech as a plea for equality and freedom. Martin Luther King’s speech is a plea for equality and freedom. He presents this plea in the form of a dream which must come true. King’s dream is deeply rooted in the American dream of life, liberty and pursuit of happiness. It is the dream of future America which is free of racial discrimination and full of equality and where every citizen is…

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UNIT 4: GOD AND MAN God’s Grandeur G.M. Hopkins 1 Critically appreciate the poem. OR, Write the central idea/theme/summary of the poem? The poem praises and glorifies God for his grandeur. God is present in the whole creation as electric current running through wires. His greatness is visible around us, shining like a newly made sword. It flows continuously like oil oozing from seeds. God is the supreme power and the omnipresent force although humans fail to pay attention to his divine authority. The eternal beauty of nature as the creation of God is in sharp contrast with the ugliness…

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The Last Voyage of the Ghost Ship Gabriel Garcia Marquez 1 How does the nature of the boy change in the span of time from the first time he saw the ship to the time when he captures it? OR, Narrate the story of the boy’s growth from an ordinary boy to an assertive young man? “The Last Voyage of the Ghost Ship” narrates a boy’s growth from a weak child to a mature, assertive young man. This is linked with his encounters with the ghost ship. The boy’s nature change in the span of time from the first time…

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UNIT 3: HUMOUR AND SATIRE    A Story Dylan Thomas 1 Give a short description of the uncle, Mr. Thomas. OR, Describe how the boy sketches the character of his uncle. The boy sketches the character of his uncle in a humorous way. The uncle looks so big as if he fills every inch of the little house. The boy describes him as a buffalo in a cupboard. He covers the whole furniture as he sits. He is very noisy, so his voice is compared with the trumpet of an elephant. His hair is so red that it is compared…

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Travelling Through the Dark William Stafford 1 Show how the action develops in the poem Travelling Through the Dark The poem has five interrelated stanzas. In the first stanza, the poet finds a dead deer on the narrow road along a river. In the second stanza, he observes the stiff, cold deer and considers dragging it off. The third stanza shows the poet’s concern for the living young inside the deer as feels sorry for it. The fourth stanza describes the sound and light of the car in that lonely dark place. In the last stanza, he makes the decision…

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Hurried Trip to Avoid a Bad Star Lilla and C. Bishop Barry 1 How is Karnali economically linked with the Terai/lowland regions to the south? As described in the essay “Hurried Trip to Avoid a Bad Star,” Karnali is economically linked with the Terai/lowland regions to the south on which the people’s economic activities depend. Farm product in Karnali is not sufficient for survival, so they depend on simple trade with the Terai. For the people of Karnali, The lowland regions are export centres, where they take their local products to sell. Some people carry herbs like silajit which have…

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Full Fathom Five Thy Father Lies William Shakespeare 1 Write an essay on “Life and art”. Life is a mystery and art represents life. Art is related to creation and life is related to experience. Life creates art and art represents life in a pleasing way. Life would be boring without art. Life is short, and time passes quickly. A small baby becomes young and then old and finally disappears from the world after death. In life, we come across sweet and bitter incidents. Life is mixture of tears and smiles, pain and pleasure. Life is full of feelings, ideas…

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UNIT 2: ECOLOGY AND CHANGE Two Long term Problems: Too Many People, Too Few Trees Moti Nissani 1 What are the causes, consequences and cures of overpopulation and deforestation? OR, Discuss the two long-term problems raised by Nissani in the essay. Overpopulation and deforestation are two related long-term problems raised by Moti Nissani in his essay. World population continues to grow and trees become fewer and fewer. The main cause of overpopulation is a greater number of deaths than births. There have been advances in technology, nutrition, sanitation and medicine. These advances have helped people live longer. Decreased infant mortality…

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The Lamentation of the Old Pensioner W.B. Yeats 1 Write/Give a summary of the poem. “The Lamentation of the Old Pensioner” presents the reminiscences of the poet’s young age and contrasts them with his present pathetic condition in his old age. He has become very old and is living a retired life on pension. Now he has only a broken tree as a shelter whenever he is caught in rain. He is deprived of a reliable shelter, when he needs it most. But when he was young, he had a cozy and comfortable room where he used to sit near…

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About Love Anton Chekhov 1 Give/write the summary/story of “About Love”. “About Love” tries to define love through the love story of the main character, Alyohin. Alyohin was living in the village with his servants. Two of them, Nikanor and Pelageya, loved each other. But Pelageya didn’t want to marry Nikanor because of his violent nature. She was ready to live with him, though. However, Nikanor did not want to live together without marriage. This reminds Alyohin of his own unfulfilled love. He was the son of a farmer. His father had spent a lot of money on his…

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UNIT 1: LOVE AND REMINISCENCE Grandmother Ray Young Bear                                                             1 Write a summary of the poem. The American-Indian poet presents reminiscences of his grandmother. He draws her picture as a loving and inspiring person with the help of images. The memory of his grandmother takes him back to his childhood. He remembers her wearing a purple scarf and coming back from the market with a plastic shopping bag in her…

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Unit-3 Essays Scientific Research is a Token of Humankind’s Survival Vladimir Keilis-Borok Understanding the text Answer the following questions. a. What does a scientist get instead of big money? Ans: A scientist gets  freedom, camaraderie and independence instead of big money.  b. What was the problem that the nuclear powers had faced? Ans: The problem was the following. Suppose that:(i) the nuclear powers had signed agreement to stop the test of the new nuclear weapons, and (ii) one of the participants had violated this agreement and secretly made an underground nuclear explosion. The problem is: how can the other…

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