Unit-1 Education and Humanity Education First
Grammar Exercise from the Book (Page-8)
Alphabetical Order/Word classes/ Parts of speech
Rules: Always alphabetize names by the first letter of the last name. A before B, and so on. If the first letters of the last name are the same, order according to the second letter. In alphabetical order a come before b and so on.
Example: Apple comes before apply because (Apple) ‘e’ comes before apply ‘y’
B) Arrange the following words in alphabetical order.
i. advance, analysis, amuse, assure, allergy, attain, aid, anxiety, acute, agreement
Ans: Acute, advance, agreement, aid, allergy, amuse, analysis, assure
ii. smoke, small, smart, speaking, smelling, smoothly, smuggler, smashed, smearing, smallpox,
Ans: small , Smallpox, , smart, smashed, smearing, smelling, smoke, smoothly, smuggler, speaking
iii. terminal, terminate, terminology, termite, terms, terrace, terrible, terribly,territory, terror
Ans: terminal, terminate, terminology, termite, terms, terrace, terrible, terribly, territory, terror
Grammar: Page 10
Word classes/ Parts of speech
Word class refers to the category of words of similar form or function. Another name of word class is a part of speech. In the text below, certain words are underlined. While you read, try to identify which word class they belong to.
Every word is a part of speech. The term “part of speech” refers to the role a word plays in a sentence.
Parts of speech
A noun is a person, place, concept, or object.
Examples: Ram, Kathmandu, stone,etc.
Pronouns are the words you substitute for specific nouns.
Adjectives are the words that describe nouns.
Examples: funny, engaging, well-written, suspenseful, happy, sad .
Verbs are words that describe specific actions.
An adverb is a word that describes an adjective, a verb, or another adverb.
Quietly, happily, silently, always, well, after, afterwards,before, never, now, soon ,still, then, today, tomorrow, abroad, anywhere, away, down, everywhere, here ,home, in , inside, out, outside, somewhere, there, underground, upstairs, not, nt, quite, rather, really, too, very,little, less, least, much, more, most
Prepositions tell you the relationship between the other words in a sentence.
Examples: In, on,at, across, in front of
Conjunctions make it possible to build complex sentences that express multiple ideas.
Examples: and, but, or
A, an, the
governments – noun
temporarily – adverb
affected – verb
and – conjunction
in – preposition
immediate – adjective
the – determiner/article (a,an,the)
Grammar Exercise from the Book (Page-10)
B) Classify the underlined words into different word classes.
a) The man who is wearing glasses is my uncle’s friend.
Ans: Who-pronoun wearing- verb my-Adjective
b) I bought a round table in the supermarket.
Ans: Round-Adjective the-determiner/article
c) Alas, she is dead.
Ans: Alas-interjection is-verb
d) Hari works very hard all the time but his wife is very lazy.
Ans: Hard-adverb but-conjuction wife-noun very-adverb
e) I have never been to Japan.
Ans: Never-adverb Japan-noun
Grammar: Expressing Good Wishes (Page-11)
Example: I wish you a quick recovery.
I wish you all the best.
B) Work in pairs. Write how you would express good wishes in these situations.
a) Your sister is taking an IELTS test.
Arjun: Hello Ram, What is your sister doing nowadays?
Ram: My sister is taking an IELTS test tomorrow.
Arjun: I wish her all the best for the test.
b) One of your friends is attending a job interview and you meet him/her in the street.
Sital: Hello, what are you doing nowadays?
Roshan: I am attending a job interview tomorrow. So, I am going to the library to do preparation.
Sital: I wish you all the best for the interview.
Roshan: Thank you very much.
c) It’s your friend’s birthday.
Dipak: Hello Nirmal, How are you?
Nirmal: I’m fine thank you. What about you?
Dipak: I’m fine too. I wish you very happy birthday.
Nirmal: Thank you very much for remembering my birthday.
d) Your friend is leaving for a holiday abroad and you met her at the airport.
Samir: Hello Monika, I’m surprised to see you hear at the airport.
Monika: I’m going to Australia to visit my uncle there.
Samir: I wish you a happy journey ahead.