Class 11 New Compulsory English Grammar
Identity Crisis in Immigrants
| Reported Speech
Homophones are words with the same pronunciation but having different meanings and spellings. For example:
board and bored
meet and meat are homophonous.
Choose the right word to fill in the blanks.
a) Can you …bury… the box in the back garden? (bury/berry)
Meaning=bury-put or hide underground
b) Alex could not …break… the branch of the tree. (break/brake)
Meaning=break- separate into pieces
brake-a tool or machine
c) …Whose… pencil is on the floor? (Who’s/Whose)
Meaning=Whose-belonging to whom
Who’s-Who is\who has
d) We have got very …few… (phew/few) tasks left.
Phew-expression of disgust/surprise/relief
few-small, some, countable number
e) Some tribes worship their gods before they …pray… (prey/pray)
prey-A living thing that is eaten by another living thing
f) …Damn… it. Everything is messed up.(Dam /Damn)
Dam-a structure placed across a flowing body of water to stop the flow of water
Damn-To put out of favor, to condemn
g) What a wonderful …lesson… the professor presented. (lesson/lessen)
lessen-reduce, to make less
Direct speech: I’ve lost my umbrella.
Reported speech: He said (that) he had lost his umbrella.
|There is no change in verb tenses in Indirect Speech when:
Change the following into indirect speech.
a) She said, “While I was having dinner, the phone rang.”
Ans: She told me that she had been having dinner while the phone had rung.
b) My friend said, “Where are they staying?”
Ans: My friend asked where they were staying
c) Jamila said, “I travel a lot in my job.”
Ans: Jamila said that she travelled a lot in her job.
d) She said to me, “We lived in China for five years.”
Ans: She told me that they had lived in China for five years.
e) He said to me, “Do you like ice-cream?”
Ans: He asked me if I liked ice cream
f) They said, “Hurray! We’ve won the match.”
Ans: They exclaimed with joy that they had won the match.
g) He said, “I’d tried everything without success, but this new medicine is great.”
Ans: He said that he had tried everything without success, but that new medicine was great.”
h) Sony said, “I go to the gym next to your house.”
Ans: Sony said that she went to the gym next to my house.
i) He said, “Be quiet after 10 o’clock.”
Ans: He told me to be quiet after 10 o’clock.
j) He said, “I don’t want to go to the party unless he invites me.”
Ans: He said that he didn’t want to go to the party unless he invited him.
k) He said to me, “I will see you tomorrow if you meet me.”
Ans: He told me that he would see me the next day if I met him.
l) She said, “If I were you, I would give up the work.”
Ans: She advised me to give up the work.