Unit 6 Health and Exercise
You May Scoff…
A) Ten words in the bold face in the text correspond to the definitions below. Match the definitions with the corresponding words. Make sentences of your own using the same words in bold type.
a) in spite of what has just been said or referred to
Ans: We are not interested in math class, but the class was interesting nevertheless.
b) a strong desire or impulse
Ans: She felt uncontrollable urge to dance.
c) the ability to continue trying to do something, although it is very difficult
Ans: We will reach our location with faith and determination.
d) to attract attention to or emphasize something important
Ans: Your CV must highlight your skills.
e) arguing about things that are not important
Ans: They wish I would stop bickering.
f) not having things or conditions that are usually considered necessary
Ans: She became able to overcome deprivation of her past memory.
g) continue to exist
Ans: She had rejected his dating offer, but he persisted her again and again.
h) soft loose flesh on a person’s body
Ans: You can reduce your flab problem with daily exercise.
i) to improve or increase something
Ans: The teacher managed to boost his students in his class by telling stories.
j) a limiting condition on something
The library is open for all without restriction.
B) Write whether the following statements are True, False or Not Given.
a) During the holidays people eat and drink more than usual.
Ans : True
b) Getting too little exercise and eating too much is the reason why people put on weight.
c) David Allison’s research involved studying rats under laboratory conditions.
d) You may need to go shopping for clothes if you come down with a cold.
e) Adenovirus-36 (AD-36) decreases the percentage of fat in the fat cells.
f) Vaccination against infections could be used in the future to prevent obesity.
g) People under severe stress can experience breathing difficulties.
h) A study indicates that mice that have never been on a diet choose fatty food, when given a choice between high-calorie or low-calorie food products.
i) Rajita Sinha has been studying the connection between brain activity and behaviour.
j) Specific hormones regulate our appetite.
C ) Answer the following questions.
a) In what sense are the holidays a time of excess? When can a person gain weight?
Ans: The holidays are a time of excess because people become careless about their diet. We don’t have self discipline and self determination to maintain health in holidays.
b) According to David Allison, which factor contributes to excess obesity?
Ans: Same highly controlled diets can contribute to excess obesity.
c) What, according to Dhurandhar, can be the way of preventing fatness?
Ans: According to Dhurandhar, Vaccination can be the way of preventing fatness.
d) What is the relationship between chill and obesity? How can saying ‘om’ help reduce fatness?
Ans: Extreme chill tends to make people gain weight. ‘Om’ reduces stress and relaxes your body that will help to reduce fatness.
e) Why is it necessary to be careful while buying plastic packaged fatty foods?
Ans: It is necessary to careful while buying plastic packaged buying fatty foods in which endocrine disrupters tend to accumulate, posing a potential double threat.
f) Why does Nelson suggest avoiding blue wavelengths of light at night?
Ans: Nelson suggest avoiding blue wavelengths of light at night because these are known to be especially disruptive to the circadian system.
g) How does breathing polluted air affect one’s fatness?
Ans: Breathing polluted air can cause extra fat to accumulate around your stomach because make your cells become less sensitive to insulin and air pollution plays a very important role in the obesity.
h) What is the link between sleep and weight?
Ans: We gain more weight if we sleep less because less sleep means more time to eat. So, little sleep can make you fat.
A) What do you do you to keep yourself fit? What food do you avoid and why?
All people want to stay fit and healthy. Staying healthy maintains your happy life. At present, most of people’s problem is obesity. People are suffering from overweight and unhealthy lifestyle. To maintain my healthy lifestyle, I will follow three main tips. I will eat healthy food and eat them in an appropriate time. I will never eat unhealthy foods.
Diabetes, heart disease, cancer and blood pressure are the results of unhealthy foods. I will also avoid Junk foods. I will follow diet plans. I make routine to eat leafy vegetables, fresh vegetables, fruits, milk, etc.
In the same way, I will do yoga, meditation and physical exercise to maintain my physical as well as mental health.
B) Healthy citizens are the greatest asset of a country. What can a state do to keep her citizen healthy?
Ans: Healthy citizens are the greatest asset of a country. A state can do many things to keep her citizen healthy. A state can increase the level of nutrition and the standard of living and to improve public health.
A state can take keep her citizens healthy :
- By Increasing hospitals and healthcare centres
- Setting up free camps for all citizen
- By regular vaccination programme.
- by health awareness programme
- by making healthcare facilities free for all citizen
- by establishing yoga and meditation centre
- by making people aware about the importance of mental health
- by making people aware about healthy habits and lifestyle
A) Yoga can be good to stay physically and mentally healthy. Do you practise any yoga? Write an essay on the benefits of yoga.
Ans: Yoga can be good to stay physically and mentally healthy. Yes, I practise yoga in yoga centre in my hometown. It balances both mental and physical health. We do it by balancing our body parts. It not only relaxes our body but also balances our mental health. It reduces our stress and anxiety. We practice many postures to reduce health hazards like back pain, asthma, cancer, depression, digestion, etc.
Benefits of Yoga:
- Controls our emotions
- Maintains both physical and mental health
- Reduces different health problems
- Longer healthy life
- Reduces stress, physical pain and anxiety
- Learn self-discipline and self-awareness
B) How can a person be mentally healthy? Provide about ten tips to a person to stay mentally fresh and healthy.
Ans: A person can be mentally healthy by doing yoga and meditation. A person should practice yoga and meditation in meditation centre. It balances both mental and physical health. We do it by balancing our body parts and mind. It not only relaxes our body but also balances our mental health. It reduces our stress and anxiety.
- Eating fresh foods
- Avoiding junk foods
- Doing meditation and Yoga
- Doing physical exercises
- Following healthy lifestyle and habits
- Taking less stress
- Dividing our time for mental exercises
- Being active
- Talking to yourself about your problems and its solutions
- Helping helpless