Chapter: Home Life and Family Relationship
Exercise from the Book
But, However, Although/Even though, In spite of/despite
Connectives are words or phrases that link sentences (or clauses) together. Connectives can go from the very simple, such as ‘and’ or ‘next’ to the more descriptive, such as ‘consequently’ or ‘meanwhile.’
We can use ‘although’ at the beginning or in the middle of a sentence. It is used in front of a clause (a clause has at least a subject and a verb that agrees with the subject).
- Although the weather is bad, I love London.
In spite of/Despite
We use ‘despite’ or ‘in spite of’ before a noun or a gerund. It can also go in the middle or at the beginning of a sentence. ‘Despite’ and ‘in spite of’ mean exactly the same thing.
We use ‘although’ and ‘despite / in spite of’ to connect two clauses in the same sentence. On the other hand, ‘however’ isn’t used to connect two clauses. Instead, we usually put the two ideas in two separate sentences. We put ‘however’ in the second sentence, and we can put it at the beginning, at the end, or after the subject.
Complete the following sentences with however, although or in spite of.
- …In spite of… the fact that he is an octogenarian; he still leads an active life.
- I still enjoyed the week …although… the weather was bad.
- He has passed MA. However ……, he hasn’t got a job.
- Although…… I had a headache, I enjoyed the movie.
- Ramila didn’t get the job …Inspite of… the fact that she had all the necessary qualifications.
- …Inspite of … the fact that he had no money, he bought the car anyway.
- We can go to the park for lunch. …However… , the weather report says it’s going to rain.
- …Although… I speak English well, my first language is actually Maithili.
Note: Octogenarian: a person who is between 80 and 89 years old.
Combine the following sentences using the words given in brackets.
1.He was annoyed. He didn’t say anything. (although)
Ans: Although he was annoyed, he didn’t say anything.
2. Playing the stock market is exciting. It can be risky. (however)
Ans: Playing the stock market is exciting. However,It can be risky. (however)
3. He works slowly. He never makes a mistake. (even though)
Ans: Even though he works slowly, he never makes a mistake.
4. It was raining. We still went to the park. (in spite of)
Ans: In spite of raining, we went to the park.
5. Hark bought the watch. It was expensive. (despite)
Ans: Despite the fact that watch was expensive,Hark bought it.
6. He is very poor. He wears expensive clothes.
Ans: In spite of his poorness, he wears expensive clothes.
Rewrite the following sentences using (a) although and (b) in spite of.
1. He had very little time, but he offered to help us.
Ans: Although he had very little time, he offered to help us.
Ans: In spite of his little time, he offered to help us.
2. She is very poor, but she still wears expensive clothes.
Ans: Although she is very poor, she wears expensive clothes.
Ans: In spite of her poor condition, she wears expensive clothes.
3. He’s a millionaire, but he lives in a very small flat.
Ans: Although he is a millionaire, he lives in a very small flat.
Ans: In spite of being millionaire, he lives in a very small flat.
4. They have a lot of money, but they are still not happy.
Ans: Although they have a lot of money, but they are still not happy
Ans: In spite of having a lot of money, but they are still not happy.
5. The traffic was heavy, but we got there in time.
Ans: Although the traffic was heavy, but we got there in time.
Ans: In spite of the heavy traffic, we got there in time.