War and Peace Shall there be Peace?
Exercise From the Book
Ways with words
A. Match the words on the left side with their meanings on the right.
a. proclaim i. declare
b. unswerving ii. steady or constant
c. magnanimous iii. generous or forgiving
d. trample iv. crush
e. tremendous v. huge
f. inevitable vi. unavoidable
g. dire vii. dreadful
h. anguish viii. distress
i. impending ix. upcoming
j. ruthless x. pitiless
B. Fill in the blanks with the suitable word from the list given.
appalling, sanguine, slaughter, absurdity, futility, reluctance, bestir
a. The soldiers suffer …appalling… injuries during the attack.
b. She is …sanguine… about prospects for the economic development of the country.
c. Innocent people get unexpected …slaughter… in the war.
d. The crowd laughed at the …absurdity… of the singer’s behaviour.
e. The intellectuals should be worried about the horror and …futility… of war.
f. He sensed her …reluctance… to continue the work.
g. They …bestir… themselves at the first light of morning.
Answer these questions.
a. Why was the Italian Socialist Mergari treated like a madman?
Ans: In the Italian Chamber the Socialist Mergari was treated like a madman because he had spoken a few natural, human words.
b. Can political aims be attained by the criminal instrumentality of war? If yes, how?
Ans: Political aims be attained by the criminal instrumentality of war if leaders and politicians are able to raise national feelings in people’s hearts with their persuasive speech.
c. Which hopes and plans were said to be mutually contradictory?
Ans: A new massacre of inconceivable scope was said to be mutually contradictory.
d. What can be the sacred duty of every man of good will on earth?
Ans: The one sacred duty of every man of good will on earth, not to sheathe ourselves in indifference and let things take their course, but to do our utmost to prevent this final catastrophe.
e. Is it good to tacitly accept war as an instrument of politics? If not, what else should be done?
Ans: No, it is not good to tacitly accept war as an instrument of politics. One should hate and reject all kinds of wars.
f. How can we stop war in the world?
Ans: Each one of us firmly resolves to serve the cause of peace, to communicate his thoughts and intimations of peace.
If every man of good will decides to devote himself exclusively for a little while to clearing away the obstacles, the barriers to peace, then we shall have peace.
g. What is the main message of this essay?
Ans: People should promote peace, friendship and brotherhood in the world instead of hatred and war.
a. Are warmongers the greatest enemies for peace? What do you want to suggest to them?
Ans: Yes, warmongers are the greatest enemies for peace because they are constantly promoting war. They generally need to attack or assault another country, and they’re extremely uproarious and diligent. This word is normally an affront, since it proposes the individual needs war paying little heed to the expense and regardless of whether it’s anything but the most ideal choice.
We are fortunate on the grounds that we are living in the most tranquil time of our species’ existence. But a few group actually have forceful propensities. Human instinct has been altered by shifts in culture – changes in governmental issues, law, exchange and ethical quality, and an expanded cosmopolitanism that has permitted individuals to vicariously encounter and identify with the enduring of others all throughout the planet.
Notwithstanding this, bunch brutality is as yet an incredibly far and wide part of human life. Different creatures battle about restricted assets and alluring mates, however people battle for both organic and social reasons. We alone will do battle to safeguard our honor and qualities. This makes the idea of human clash especially precarious to comprehend. In any case, we are beginning to understand it, and our bits of knowledge are assisting with clarifying the chronicled pattern away from bunch viciousness. They likewise have useful results: specialists are applying them to a portion of the present most recalcitrant struggles.
b. The Nobel Prize Winner American novelist John Steinbeck (1902-1968) once
said, “All war is a symptom of man’s failure as a thinking animal.” Do you agree
with the novelist? Why?
Ans: It is totally obvious all conflict is an indication of man’s disappointment as a reasoning creature. War is the most noticeably awful thing on the planet; it offers advantages to none; it makes colossal loss of human existence and assets all. Both the triumphant nation just as the losing nation cause substantial setbacks and misfortunes.
Wars can never end clashes, they entangle them further. The First and Second World War 2 are the two ugliest scars on the essence of humanity. They unleashed such an excess of destruction that its point of reference is difficult to track down since the start of development. Wars are vain and result of man’s obliviousness and outrage. Individuals of the world should take in an exercise from these two holocausts.
Seeing the tremendousness of death and annihilation, the whole world censured the utilization of atomic bombs. Indeed, even the individuals who were supportive of its utilization in war, felt repentant. The most startling viewpoint identified with atomic bombs is, the world is loaded with them.
All in all it tends to be said that wars are emblematic of savage backwardness. Socialized individuals settle their contentions through serene discourse at the conversation table. In this way, if a conflict occurs, it implies human reasoning has fizzled.
c. Does any war end all wars and bring lasting peace to the world? Discuss.
No, There is no evidence of it. War doesn’t bring peace rather it brings destruction and chaos only. War is the most recognizably horrendous thing on earth. It doesn’t offer any benefits to people. It causes loss of human life and resources. Both the victorious country similarly as the losing country cause significant mishaps and disasters.
There are numerous elective ways to bring peace rather than choosing war. We can start mutual coordination and peace settlement between war countries. There will consistently be a mutually advantageous arrangement. A few terms will be acknowledged by one gathering and some by the others.
We may be separated by religion, sex, shading and the limits between our nations yet we as a whole have a place with humanity. One should treat the other like a sibling and help each other out. There will be contrasts without a doubt, which ought to be figured out in a serene way.
Investigate our two World Wars. They have demonstrated that wars cause significant anguish and indeed, the lone explanation that World War I finished was that the majority of the nations included were depleted and tired, and asked their chiefs for a truce to be called. Wars would be unending in the event that it was not for humankind’s own cutoff points.
d. Why do you think countries go in wars even though they have their own boundaries?
Ans: Countries go in wars even though they have their own boundaries because they want to increase their land areas as well as to demonstrate their power in the world. A nation may conclude that it needs more land, either for living space, horticultural use, or different purposes. Domain can likewise be utilized as “cushion zones” between two threatening foes. Identified with cradle zones are intermediary wars. These are clashes that are battled by implication between contradicting powers in a third country. Each force upholds the side which best suits their strategic, military, and financial interests.
Another reason for a country to involve in war is boundary dispute. We don’t have the clear idea where the line is, or we don’t care for where the line is. Limit vulnerability can happen on the grounds that the line has never been drawn or never been acknowledged by the two players. . As a result it causes dispute between two or more countries. At last, it invites a war.
Write essays in about 500 words on the following topics.
a. War and peace
Almost certainly war is a detestable, the best disaster that happens to individuals. It brings demise and obliteration, infection and starvation, neediness, and ruin afterward.
One has just to think back to the ruin that was created in different nations relatively few years prior, to assess the ruinous impacts of war. An especially upsetting side of present day wars is that they will in general become worldwide so they may overwhelm the whole world.In any case, there are individuals who think about battle as something amazing and courageous and see it as something that draws out the best in men, however this doesn’t modify the way that war is an awful, repulsive cataclysm.
No period in world history has been the staggering impacts of war. We have had battles of various kinds long and short. Considering this it appears to be purposeless to discuss lasting and never-ending harmony or to make arrangements for the foundation of unceasing harmony.
We have had supporters of peacefulness and the hypothesis of the fellowship of man. We have had the Buddha, Christ and Mahatma Gandhi. Yet, regardless of that, weapons have consistently been utilized, military power has consistently been utilized, conflicts of arms have consistently happened; war has consistently been pursued.
War has without a doubt been a particularly stamped highlight of each age and period that it has come to be viewed As a feature of the typical existence of countries. Machiavelli, the writer of the known book, The Prince, characterized harmony as a stretch between two conflicts Molise, the celebrated German field marshal proclaimed conflict to be important for God’s reality request.
Writers and prophets have longed for a thousand years, a perfect world wherein war won’t exist and everlasting harmony will rule on earth. However, these fantasies have not been satisfied. After the Great War of 1914-18, it was felt that there would be no battle for quite a while to come and an organization called the League of Nations was established as a protect against the flare-up of war. The League of Nations fell totally under the pressures and stresses made by Hitler. The United Nations Organization with all the great work that It has been doing isn’t demonstrating as powerful as was wanted.
At the point when people can’t live consistently in harmony, it is undoubtedly, an excessive amount to expect such countless countries to live in a territory of Eternal harmony. Moreover, there will consistently be wide contrasts of assessment between different country, various points of taking a gander at issue that have global significance, revolutionary distinction in strategy and philosophy and these can’t be settled by simple conversations.
b. Responsive youths for peace and prosperity
Ans: Youth should assume a functioning part in making and advancing harmony, resistance, concurrence, and non-radical climate. They should address a wide range of contentions and issues in a valuable manner that energizes compromise and struggle resolution.
Youth will be essential for the future neighborhood improvement and accept significant jobs in the goal of struggles inside their networks. Subsequently fabricating their ability as peacebuilding entertainers is vital to reinforce popularity based administration and tackle issues at the nearby and public levels.
It’s obviously true that the young people of any nation is an extraordinary resource. They are without a doubt the eventual fate of the country and address it at each level. The part of young people in country building is a higher priority than you may might suspect. All in all, the knowledge and work of the adolescent will take the country on the pathway of progress. As each resident is similarly mindful, the young is as well. They are the structure squares of a country.
The adolescent is significant on the grounds that they will be our future. Today they may be our accomplices, tomorrow they will proceed to become pioneers. The adolescents are exceptionally vivacious and energetic. They can learn and adjust to the climate. Essentially, they will learn and follow up on it too to accomplish their objectives.
Our childhood can acquire social change and improvement society. We can’t manage without the young people of a country. Moreover, the country requires their cooperation to accomplish the objectives and help in taking the country towards progress.
Moreover, we perceive how the advancement of any nation requires dynamic investment from the young. It doesn’t make any difference which field we need to advance in, regardless of whether it is the specialized field or sports field, youth is required. It is dependent upon us how to help the young in assuming this part appropriately. We should make all the young mindful of their force and the job they need to play in country building.