Class 11 Compulsory English Model Question by NEB (CDC)
Compulsory English (ENG. 003) – Grade XI– (Model Question) Solution
Full Marks: 75 Time: 3 hours
1. Read the text and do the tasks. 15
Mt Everest grows by nearly a metre to new height
The world’s highest mountain Mount Everest is 0.86m higher than had been previously officially calculated, Nepal and China have jointly announced. Until now the countries differed over whether to add the snow cap on top. The new height is 8,848.86m (29,032 ft). China’s previous official measurement of 8,844.43m had put the mountain nearly four metres lower than Nepal’s. Everest Officials at Nepal’s foreign ministry and department of survey said surveyors from both countries had coordinated to agree on the new height. The agreement to jointly announce the new measurement of the Earth’s highest point was made during Chinese President Xi Jinping’s visit to the Nepalese capital, Kathmandu last year. Chinese authorities had said previously Mount Everest should be measured to its rock height, while Nepalese authorities argued the snow on top of the summit should be included.
The Chinese surveyors had calculated their figure after they measured the mountain in 2005. Nepal’s government officials told the BBC in 2012 that they were under pressure from China to accept the Chinese height and therefore they had decided to go for a fresh measurement to “set the record straight once and for all”. The 8,848m height, Nepal had been using for Mount Everest was determined by the Survey of India in 1954, but for the first time the country has now conducted its own measurement of the summit. Four Nepalese land surveyors spent two years training for the mission, before heading to the summit. “Before this, we had never done the measurement ourselves,” Damodar Dhakal, spokesman at Nepal’s department of survey, told the BBC. “Now that we have a young, technical team [who could also go to the Everest summit], we could do it on our own,” Mr. Dhakal said. Nepal’s lead surveyor Khimlal Gautam lost his toe due to frostbite while on the summit to install height-measuring equipment last year. “For summiteers, scaling the highest peak means a great accomplishment.
For us, it was just the beginning,” Mr. Gautam had told BBC Nepali after his return. “Unlike other surveys of the Everest in the past, we chose 03:00 to minimise errors that could have been caused because of sunlight in the day time.” Some geologists have suggested a major earthquake in 2015 may have had an impact on Mount Everest’s height. The 7.8 magnitude earthquake killed nearly 9,000 people in Nepal, and caused an avalanche which buried parts of the base camp at the mountain. At least 18 20 climbers were killed. Some geologists said the earthquake may have caused Everest’s snow cap to shrink. Scientists had found that some other Himalayan peaks such as Langtang Himal, mostly to the north of Kathmandu and close to the epicentre, had reduced in height by approximately a metre after the earthquake. Others have argued that Mount Everest, like other Himalayan peaks, may have actually grown over time because of the shifting tectonic plates it sits on. But experts say major earthquakes can result in that process being reversed. “The 2015 earthquake is also a major reason why we re-measured the mountain,” said Mr. Dhakal.
A. Choose the best answer. (5X1=5)
a. The word ‘announce’ in the 7th line means:
i. utter words to convey information. ii. make a formal statement about a fact. iii. communicate information to someone.
Ans: ii. make a formal statement about a fact.
b. The word ‘fresh’ in the phrase ‘fresh measurement’ in the second paragraph means:
i. having its original qualities unimpaired. ii. not frozen, tinned or otherwise preserved. iii. not previously done, new or different.
Ans: iii. not previously done, new or different.
c. The word ‘accomplishment’ in the 22nd line means: i. the omission of expected action. ii. an act or instance of falling. iii. something that has been achieved successfully.
Ans: iii. something that has been achieved successfully.
d. The word ‘shrink’ in the 29th line is opposite in meaning to: i. expand. ii. contract. iii. reduce.
Ans: i. expand.
e. The word ‘approximately’ in line 30 line means: i. exactly. ii. nearly. iii. precisely.
B. Complete the following sentences in NOT MORE THAN FOUR WORDS. (5×1=5)
a. Nepal and China previously had different views about adding the ………Snow Cap…………… to the height of Mt. Everest.
b. Surveyors from both Nepal and China had worked together to come up with the same view on the ………new height…………… of Mt. Everest.
c. China’s earlier official measurement of 8844.43m was based on the measurement done in ……2005.
d. The team leader of Nepal’s surveyors lost his toe during the installment of ………height measuring equipment…………… on the top.
e. Some geologists also had their view that the change in ………tectonic plates…………… under Mt. Everest may have increased its height.
C. Answer the following questions. (5×1=5)
a. What did the surveyors from both Nepal and China agree on to come up with about Mt. Everest?
Ans: Surveyors from both countries had coordinated to agree on the new height about Mt. Everest.
b. Why did both countries determine to carry out the new measurement of Mt. Everest?
Ans: Both countries determined to carry out the new measurement of Mt. Everest because of the agreement between Nepal and China during Chinese President Xi Jinping’s visit to the Nepalese capital, Kathmandu.
c. Which sentence in the text indicates that it was the first time for Nepal to measure the height of Mt. Everest?
Ans: The sentence ”but for the first time the country has now conducted its own measurement of the summit” in the text indicates that it was the first time for Nepal to measure the height of Mt. Everest.
d. Why did the Nepali team take 3:00 as a reference in measuring the summit?
Ans: The Nepali team took 03:00 as a reference in measuring the summit to minimise errors that could have been caused because of sunlight in the day time.
e. What covered the parts of the base camp at the mountains during 2015 earthquake?
Ans: An avalanche covered parts of the base camp at the mountain during 2015 earthquake.
2. Write short answers to the following questions. (5×2=10)
a. Why is the speaker saying that ‘the children are the most beautiful flowers of all’? (The Selfish Giant)
Ans:The speaker is saying that ‘the children are the most beautiful flowers of all’ because they are innocent, selfless, pure and natural like the children.
b. What were the circumstances that led to Aksionov’s imprisonment? (God Sees the Truth)
Ans: On the way to a business trip, he is arrested for the killing and robbing another merchant, with whom he had stayed in the same hotel. He spent 26 years in jail.
c. What is the speaker’s attitude toward war? (The Gift in War Time)
Ans: The speaker’s attitude toward war is negative. She considers war as a cause for physical as well as mental loss. The speaker complains against war. Her feelings show the tragedy caused by war. It killed her dear husband and spoiled her life. Her happiness and youth ended with his death. Now there is only sadness. There is no compensation for her loss.
d. What do you think is the main idea of the essay ‘What is Poverty?’? Is the main idea of the essay explicit or implicit?
Ans: She wants to bring readers sympathy for all the poor people. Her intention is to make the readers feel about the real picture of poor not as in the newspaper. Parker defines poverty mainly as living in lack of even basic requirements. There is not enough diet nor medical care and sanitation for a healthy life. Poverty is shameful as it destroys honor while begging for help. And the future is hopeless.
The main idea of the essay is explicit because it is crystal clear that poverty is devastating for poor people. She clearly presents her example to prove it.
e. Why are Don Gonzalo and Laura annoyed with each other? (A Sunny Morning)
Ans: Gonzalo’s rude behaviour makes Laura annoyed with him.. He scares the birds Laura is feeding. In the same way, Gonzalo is annoyed by Laura because she has occupied the park’s bench. He wants a bench only for himself and complains when he does not get. He is angry when she gives a reply to his rudeness.
3. Write long answers to the following questions. (2×5=10)
a. Jobs contends that you need to love what you do in order to be great at it. Do you agree or disagree? Why? (How to Live Before You Die)
Ans: Yes, I agree with Jobs’ statement that we must love what we do to become great. He started Apple company, but he had to leave later. Then he continued with more creative ideas because he loved his work. He started NeXT and made it so good that Apple finally bought it. It proves that we must love our work to step the ladder of success.
Human life is full of uncertainty and suspense. People make plans to get further success but no one can guarantee success. Something is always lacking in it. We face defeat as well as victory in our life. But we should love your failure as well as success. In other words, we should learn lessons from our past to step further. He was dumped by his girlfriend. He also failed to get job at McKinsey. He wasted his four precious years without getting support from anyone. But he became successful at last because her used to love what he did. It proves that in our life, we shouldn’t be worried about our failure because one day all the experiences will teach us great lessons to bring something great.
b. Write the summary of the poem ‘All the World’s a Stage’.
Ans: The poem reminds us that life is an unstoppable journey from cradle to grave. There is no way to change its course. We are just playing our roles like actors on stage. We are always losers in the game of life. Death wins in the end. Shakespeare describes human in seven stages. This world is like a stage where human beings come and go playing their different roles. First, one is a crying baby and then grows into a child forced to school. Then comes the young age of the lover, who changes into a dutiful soldier full of energy. The fifth stage is of a wise and mature judge wearing fine clothes. Then one enters retired life with eyes becoming weak and voice becoming low. At last, one begins to lose all senses and then dies.
4. The following bar graph shows the total cases of COVID-19 infection in Nepal from 2020-01-01 to 2021-01-20. Write an interpretation of it in about 150 words. (7)
Ans: Interpretation of the Graph
The following bar graph shows the total cases of COVID-19 infection in Nepal from 2020-01-01 to 2021-01-20.
5. Suppose you are the coordinator of the organizing committee for the ‘Sports Week’ at your school. Write an email inviting the other members of the committee for its first meeting. 8
Date: 2078/04/01 To All Committee Members ABC Sports Week Committee
Dear Committee Members,
I expect this email finds you well. I’m inviting you to a sports week meeting on 3rd August at 10:00am to discuss our upcoming sports week programme which we conduct every year in our school. Our school feels extremely proud in saying that we are conducting sports week in a peaceful and prosperous manner. There are certain issues related to upcoming programme which have to be discussed in the meeting.
The meeting will take place at our school’s meeting hall and will last approximately 2 hours. An agenda for the meeting is below. The most important topics for discussion include.
agenda 1: categories of sports to include on sports week
agenda 2: managing different sub committee
agenda 3 : prize distribution,etc.
Click this link (…abcschoolsportsform.com.np…) and fill the form to confirm to attend the meeting.
Regards, XYZ Coordinator ( ABC School)
6. Is the use of smartphones useful for the students of secondary level? Write an essay discussing the advantages and disadvantages of smartphones in about 300 words. 10
Article on “Advantages and Disadvantages of Smartphones”
Ans: Almost every person these days carries a cell phone. They are manufactured in large quantities and by various brands in different countries. Now we find a variety of smart phones with fascinating features. Being easily available in the market and affordable has encouraged people to carry mobile phones.
Moreover, the prices of SIM cards being reasonable also contribute to the popularity of mobile phones. Cell phones are one of the greatest and most useful inventions. Earlier, people had to depend on mails that too much time to be delivered. Later came landlines and computers that eased the connection with people in different parts of the world. Cell phones help people stay in touch with others in different corners of the world at any time because cell phones are portable and wireless.
Cell phones these days come equipped with the new features and functions like various games, radio, camera, music player, audio and video recorders, multimedia messaging services, document readers, facilities for streaming and watching videos, video callings and many more. But there is an equally dark side to the story because cell phones can be easily misused. Widespread use of cell phones has made way for its misuse too especially by the youth, anti-socials, terrorists and other criminals. Camera phones with MMS facilities are used to take unauthorized photos and shoot pornographic videos and spread them.
Moreover, SIM cards can be easily available and there is no proper facility for checking of one’s records. This can make it easier for terrorists to misuse these phones for various activities. The youths are so much involved in sending messages, talking over the phone and spending most of their times in the virtual world that they have less care about practical life. What is more, they might be easily spoilt as they can easily watch pornographic videos on the Internet. Mobile phones are both a blessing and a curse depending on how we use it. It is up to us to use it in a responsible way and make it a blessing in our lives.
7. Do as indicated in brackets and rewrite the sentences. (10×1=10)
a. The good boy behaved well. (Underline the adverb in the sentence)
Ans: The good boy behaved well.
b. Many of the houses in this neighbourhood (don’t/doesn’t) have garages. (Choose one form from the bracket to complete the sentence)
Ans: Many of the houses in this neighbourhood don’t have garages.
c. We insist …………. punctuality in this office. (Put the correct preposition in the blank)
Ans: We insist ……on……. punctuality in this office.
d. It …………. be Anton’s car. I saw him driving the car yesterday. (Put the correct modal in the blank to complete the sentence)
Ans: It …must………. be Anton’s car. I saw him driving the car yesterday.
e. She …………. (write) three books and she is working on another one. (Put the verb from the bracket in correct tense to make a meaningful sentence)
Ans: She …has written………. (write) three books and she is working on another one.
f. I need to stop (doing/to do) my homework late at night. I keep making terrible mistakes. (Choose one form from the bracket to complete the sentence)
Ans: I need to stop doing my homework late at night. I keep making terrible mistakes.
g. The minister stood still …………. the request to take her seat. (Put the correct conjunction in the blank to complete the sentence)
Ans: The minister stood still ……in spite of/despite……. the request to take her seat.
h. Marie Curie is the woman. She discovered radium. (Join the sentences with a relative pronoun)
Ans: Marie Curie is the woman who discovered radium.
i. She said, “Would you like me to help you?” (Use the reporting verb offer to change the sentence into indirect speech)
Ans: She offered to help me.
j. I hate people laughing at me. (Change into passive)
Ans: I hate being laughed at.
8. Do as instructed. (5×1=5)
a. The art of producing beautiful writing with a special pen or brush is called calligraphy. What word class does the underlined word in the sentence belong to?
Ans: The underlined word ‘special’ in the sentence belongs to adjective.
b. Arrange the following words as per the order in a dictionary:
chanting, chopper, chirruping, chivalry, chancellor
Ans: chancellor, chanting, chirruping, chivalry, chopper,
c. What does the sentence ‘He burnt his fingers by interfering in his neighbour’s affair.‘ mean?
Ans: i. He got himself into trouble.
ii. He burnt himself?
iii. He got himself insulted.
iv. He got rebuked.
d. What does the prefix ‘under-‘ in the word UNDERESTIMATE mean?
Ans: i. below
e. Which of the following sentences is correct?
Ans: Kelsey said “I want to go to Aunt Joys for Thanksgiving.”
i. Kelsey said I want to go to Aunt Joy’s for Thanksgiving.
ii. Kelsey said, “i want to go to Aunt Joys for Thanksgiving.”
iii. Kelsey said, “I want to go to Aunt Joy’s for Thanksgiving.”
iv. Kelsey said “I want to go to Aunt Joys for Thanksgiving.”