Gender Perspective or Gender Studies:
Class 12 Optional English
Introduction to Critical Perspectives to the Study of Literature
Gender Perspective/Gender Studies
a. What is Gender Perspective/Gender Studies? What are the traditional gender roles prescribed for men and women?
Ans: Gender perspective, also known as gender studies, is an academic field that explores the social, cultural, and political dimensions of gender. It examines how gender identities and roles are constructed, maintained, and challenged in different societies and historical contexts. Gender studies analyze the dynamics of power, inequality and discrimination often related to gender.
Gender perspective in literature refers to the analysis and interpretation of literary works from the perspective of gender roles, identities and relations. It examines how gender influences the creation, depiction, and reception of characters, themes, and stories in literature.
What are the traditional gender roles prescribed for men and women?
Answer: Traditional gender roles prescribe certain behaviours, expectations, and responsibilities for men and women based on social norms and cultural beliefs. These roles vary across cultures and historical periods, but some common examples include:
Men are the breadwinners of the family:
Traditionally, men were thought to be the main breadwinners of their families, working outside to earn money and support their family’s financial needs.
Women as carers:
Women are often expected to prioritise their roles as wives, mothers, taking care of household chores, children and the emotional well-being of family members.
Men are guardians:
Men are often seen as guardians of their families and communities, responsible for their safety and security.
Women as caretaker :
Women are often expected to be caring, compassionate and responsible for the emotional well-being of their family members. Men are the decision makers:
Men have traditionally been seen as decision makers in various aspects of life, including major family decisions, financial matters, and social issues.
Women often have to manage the household, including cooking, cleaning and maintaining a comfortable and friendly home environment.
It is important to note that these traditional gender roles have evolved over time, and many societies today recognise the importance of breaking down rigid gender expectations. The concept of gender roles is complex and varies across cultures, so it’s important to approach this issue sensitively and respectfully of different perspectives.