Imagine that a journey took longer than expected. Write a paragraph about what happened.
I will never forget my travel from Kathmandu to Jhapa. I had gone there with my elder sister to spend my summer vacation. The return journey was delayed by natural, political and mechanical factors.
It was rainy season when heavy rain and landslides often make road travel difficult. It had been raining from early morning on the day we left Kathmandu. It was already seven because it was the last bus. We had not reached Munglin when we saw a long queue of vehicles before us. The road was blocked by a landslide. Armed forces arrived two hours later. It was almost evening when the road was finally cleared.
At night we faced a mechanical problem. After stopping in Bharatpur for an hour for meal, we moved ahead. I was afraid that something might go wrong and could not sleep. My sister tried to comfort me by giving me her mobile phone to play games. It was almost midnight when one of the back wheels came off. We had to wait for another bus of the same company for help. Only by the morning the bus was ready.
We were further delayed by a strike in the Terai districts. We had to spend the whole day in the bus and roaming the streets and bazaars. The bus left again. But that very day, Koshi River had overflooded because of heavy rain. The dam along its bank was burst and 20 to 30 kilometres of the highway was flooded. It took five more hours to drive through India before we entered Nepal again at Biratnagar the next day.
Thus, a normal 12-hour journey took more than 50 hours.
Imagine that 50 years from now, someone in your class is very popular. Write an account of his/her success.
Write a paragraph telling your own or another’s success story.
A Success Story
Meera Sharma, an official of World Bank, is a friend of mine. I met her first when I was in class eight. We studied together in Janata Higher Secondary School. She was from a poor family with many children. Her father and mother could not send all of them to school. Fortunately, she was the youngest child and got a chance to study. Her elder sisters were married before twenty. After passing SLC in distinction, she went to Kathmandu for her further study. She lived with her uncle. After she completed higher secondary level education, she took Economics as a major subject. She topped in Master’s degree from Tribhuvan University and got government scholarship to study in Oxford University, from where she did her PhD. After working in many banks in England, she finally got a job in the Bank of England because of her talent. After 13 years of service and after many attempts, she has now got a job in the World Bank.
Write an essay about the position of women 50 years ago and now.
In the past women were limited inside homes, doing household activities like coking, washing, cleaning and looking after children. Now their position and roles are changing.
A major factor to bring changes in the position of women is modernization. In the earliest times men did the hunting while women stayed home to look after the children and prepare food. It was necessary for survival at that time. Now we do not hunt animals or gather foods in the jungle. We buy them in the market. We only need money. For that we need to work. Therefore, women have also started going out to work. In many homes, it is the women who earn more and support the family.
Earlier most jobs women did involved traditional women’s skills, such as sewing, knitting, child care, cosmetics, facial treatments and hotel. This is still the case. But With the society becoming more open and broad-minded, they have started modelling and acting, which often need glamorous get-up. Now there are women in politics and administrative fields and abroad to work. In the past, only males were doctors and females nurses. Similarly, males involved in sports and females in dance. Now a days these roles are reversed as we find male nurses and dancers and lady doctors and sportswomen.
With the society becoming more open and modern, traditional gender roles are changing. And the changes have come more for women than for men.
Write a paragraph/ magazine article describing your town and what visitors can do there.
Birtamode: A New Tourist Area
Situated in the center of Jhapa district, Birtamode, my hometown, is one of the popular towns in eastern Nepal and the commercial hub of Mechi zone. There are many places for entertainment: film halls, discos, and circus. For those who like shopping, there are supermarkets and department stores as well as the cheap footpath shops. There are cheap lodges as well as expensive 5 star hotels for the visitors to stay. 7 kilometres to the west is a small zoo, where some species of wild life are kept. There is also a lake where we can do boating. Recently, a suspension bridge has also been made. People can enjoy watching the rising sun by going to Antu Dada, which is a two-hour drive to the north-east from Birtamode. On the way to Antu is minor Pathivara temple. There are other religious places near Birtamode as well. Kichakbadh is thirty kilometres to the south, and Arjundhara just five kilometres to the north. If we go 17 kilometres to the east, we will reach the Indian border.
Prepare a newspaper article on “The Use and Misuse of Mobile Phones”.
Almost every person these days carries a cell phone. They are manufactured in large quantities and by various brands in different countries. Now we find a variety of smart phones with fascinating features. Being easily available in the market and affordable has encouraged people to carry mobile phones. Moreover, the prices of SIM cards being reasonable also contribute to the popularity of mobile phones.
Cell phones are one of the greatest and most useful inventions. Earlier, people had to depend on mails that too much time to be delivered. Later came landlines and computers that eased the connection with people in different parts of the world. Cell phones help people stay in touch with others in different corners of the world at any time because cell phones are portable and wireless. Cell phones these days come equipped with the new features and functions like various games, radio, camera, music player, audio and video recorders, multimedia messaging services, document readers, facilities for streaming and watching videos, video callings and many more.
But there is an equally dark side to the story because cell phones can be easily misused. Widespread use of cell phones has made way for its misuse too especially by the youth, anti-socials, terrorists and other criminals. Camera phones with MMS facilities are used to take unauthorized photos and shoot pornographic videos and spread them. Moreover, SIM cards can be easily available and there is no proper facility for checking of one’s records. This can make it easier for terrorists to misuse these phones for various activities. The youths are so much involved in sending messages, talking over the phone and spending most of their times in the virtual world that they have less care about practical life. What is more, they might be easily spoilt as they can easily watch pornographic videos on the Internet.
Mobile phones are both a blessing and a curse depending on how we use it. It is up to us to use it in a responsible way and make it a blessing in our lives.
Compare and contrast between two places you have visited.
I like travelling and often visit places chance permits. After final exam of class 12, I visited Kathmandu. This summer I went to visit my relatives in Dharan. Both are cities but there are some differences.
Kathmandu is more populated and expensive than Dharan. Because it is the capital city, people from different parts and corners of the country have gathered there. Local products are few and most items come from other places. Therefore, prices of goods are higher. Kathmandu offers more job opportunities than Dharan. But like Kathmandu, Dharan is not lacking in transportation, advanced technology and facilities of higher education and hospitals. But there are more and wider streets in Kathmandu than in Dharan.
Dharan has a better environment than Kathmandu. Being situated at a higher altitude, both are cooler than the Terai region. But Dharan lies at the border of hill and Terai while Kathmandu is a valley. Unlike Dharan, it is colder in winter. There is more space in Dharan because it is still growing. The air is fresher because of a nearby forest. It is more peaceful and beautiful. People of Dharan are friendlier. In contrast, Kathmandu has many historical monuments and world heritage sites. That is why it attracts more tourists.
Life is easier in both cities, but social and natural environment is better in Dharan. My travel experiences have taught me about the important differences between the city and the village.
Write part of a newspaper article entitled “The Last 50 Years: has the quality of life improved?”
The Last 50 Years: has the quality of life improved?
The quality of life in most countries has undoubtedly improved over the last 50 years. Our country Nepal has seen similar changes. And other changes will continue to take place in the future. We can see the changes in aspects like lifestyles and living standards. Many factors are responsible for this improved quality of life: ease of transport, sources of electricity, sanitation and clean drinking water, public education etc.
People’s lifestyles and living standards have improved because of the role of government, increasing level of income and awareness. Because of availability of clean drinking water and public sewage systems, cholera and other major diseases are found no more. There are similar results from clean air laws and limits on the discharge of dangerous pollutants. Police and laws protecting people and their property have ensured internal security. Because of public education, maximum number of people are able to read and write. Public health care makes healthier people with longer lives. Food safety rules, vaccinations and other efforts by government have succeeded in saving many lives that used to be lost in the past. Much investment has been going on hydropower, and cheap and abundant electricity allowed for mass production lowers the cost of factory products. New labour laws give children the right to education and health instead of working, keep wages stable and set standards so there is no discrimination in payment on the basis of gender and ethnicity.
Based on the available opportunities, people are doing full and part time jobs. Many have been going to foreign countries to earn money for an easy and comfortable life. More people have been engaged in business, transportation, communication, public administration and so on. Many people travel abroad. Mobile phones and motorbikes are now common. People spend more on food, clothes and entertainment. They have become more health-conscious and often visit doctors. They are concerned about keeping fit and do exercises. These activities are likely to continue in the coming years. More people will have mobiles and bikes. Villages are becoming towns and towns are growing into cities.
Write a letter of application for a job of your choice.
The Managing Director, Jhapa, Nepal
Gorkha Department Store,
With reference to your advertisement in Purwanchal Daily of 10th Shrawan, I would like to apply for the post of Assistant Accountant in your supermarket. Please find my bio-data and photocopies of academic certificates and of citizenship attached with this application.
I have done intermediate in Management from ABC Higher Secondary School. Now I am doing Bachelor’s degree. I have also worked as an Assistant Accountant in Pathivara Shopping Complex in Jhapa for a year. There my duty was to keep records of purchases of the store and calculate the quantities of products to be ordered.
I have always been interested in accounting. I would, therefore, appreciate the chance to work in your supermarket, contributing to its success at my best while developing my skills further.
I look forward to hearing from you soon.
Write a review for a newspaper of a recent film, play or book.
Review of Muna Madan
I like watching films and watch one each day. I also like reading and often read books. Recently I saw a film named “Muna Madan” based on a story of a young man Madan. The main character in this film is a young Madan who struggles for life.
Madan leaves his family and country because he wants to earn money for a better future of his family. He goes to Lhasa, a province in China. There he works hard and earns enough. Then he decides to return. But he falls ill on the way. His friends leave him. Fortunately, a Sherpa, an inhabitant of Himalayan region, finds him and takes him to his house. He treats Madan, who recovers soon. While taking leave, Madan touches the man’s feet although he belongs to a higher caste. Here Madan utters the most famous line in Nepali literary works: a man becomes great not because of his caste but because of his noble heart. On receiving the news of his death, His wife and mother cannot bear this, and both die before he reaches home. The book ends as Madan sees no use of living without his beloved wife and mother.
The film, like the book, has shown the reality of that time as Madan represents his poor fellow countrymen. But it is also relevant today because many Nepalese are going to foreign countries to earn money for the better future of the family.
Write how you, or someone you know, got a job that you, or s/he, wanted.
A friend of mine has got a teaching job at a government school. Since school days, her aim was to become a teacher. And she really wanted the job to support her poor family.
She was qualified for the job in all respects. She had graduated with good grades, overcoming her family’s pressure to marry early. She had taught boarding school children to pay for her studies. But in our country, politics sometimes deprives even qualified manpower from the jobs they deserve. She knew that it would not be that easy to get the job only by passing the written test. Therefore, she met the principal to request him to help her.
The principal did what he could. He himself had taught her and knew how intelligent she was. She was the top of her batch. He himself wanted her to get the job. First, he talked to the management committee and explained her qualification and qualities. She was dedicated, hard-working and intelligent. Moreover, being the eldest child in the family, she could handle and deal with children well. Her qualities pointed that it was in the interest of the school to appoint a teacher like her.
Like other candidates competing for the job, she applied. In the written test, she came first. Then came the interview. She answered most of the questions. If the committee wished, it could pass any other candidate. But they had already been positive towards her. Thus, she passed and got the job.
The growing use of games in computer has diverted young people from real physical games. Discuss some pros and cons of computer-mediated games.
In this technology-driven 21st century, computers have become a part of our daily life. Young people, particularly students, spend their time by playing on the computer. Parents are worried that these soft-games are diverting their children away from real physical games, and more importantly from studies. Playing computer games brings about positive effects such as critical thinking, easy learning and relaxation. However, they also bring about certain physical problems. As with any technology, computer-mediated games have their own pros and cons.
Among the positive effects of computer games, one is that they can be a powerful tool for study. They can be used in education. These games are very interesting for children because they use cartoons and animation. Therefore, children can learn new things easily in a funny way. With computer games, children just need to think as body is not involved. They require the players to think critically to win matches. Some of the games are very tough to win. It is good for the players because they learn how to think, plan ahead strategically and solve their problems. This helps to improve children’s imagination. Secondly, mind gets relaxed by playing computer games. After working or studying for a long time, people need some kind of relaxation. While playing on the computer, other activities are also possible such as listening to music and chat with friends face to face or through websites. Thirdly, computer games have become a socializing tool to build relationship between young people because they often discuss about how to win the games, which become their common opponent. Fourthly, computer games are better than physical games in some cases. Nowadays real physical games are not as easy as they used to be. Modern games require a lot of skill and fierce competition. This requires money to buy the playthings. And there is a chance of getting physically hurt. Computer games make this possibility nil. And a lot of online games are now free.
However, Computer games are no help in physical growth and fitness. Rather they might bring other types of health problems. The virtual games on computer screen divert young people from real physical games. Children should play outside to be physically strong. While playing with computer, children stay at one place. Sitting and playing encourages the easy eating of junk food instead of exercise. This may cause health risks such as overweight. There is no doubt that watching computer screen for a long time is not good for the eyesight caused by the light from the computer screen. This may even damage the eyesight in the long-term because of the continuous exposure to radiation. This will affect other important activities such as studies. Computer models get obsolete quickly. Computers have different CPU speeds, different size hard drives, etc. The game played well on one computer may not play well on another. Unless we upgrade the software, many new games may not run on the computer. This adds to the cost.
In conclusion, there are both advantages and disadvantages of computer games. However, if parents take proper action, those negative impacts can be avoided. For example, they can make some rules for their children, such as not allowing them to play computer games for a long time or letting them play only after they have finished their home works and academic tasks.