Unit 2 Grammar
Position of Adverbs
Chapter: ‘Communication’ Freewriting
Exercise From the Book (Page: 17)
C. Word formation: Adjectives and Adverbs
a. Read the following sentences from the text and notice the words that are underlined.
i. Do free writing exercises regularly.
ii. Go quickly without rushing.
iii. No wonder the producer gets nervous, jumpy, inhibited, and finally can’t be coherent. iv. You can throw away lousy beginnings and make new ones.
The underlined words in (a) and (b) are adverbs, and in (c) and (d) are adjectives.
Notice that we can form adverbs by adding the suffix ‘-ly’ to an adjective, and adjective
by adding the suffix ‘-y’ to a noun.
Note that adding the suffix ‘-ly’ to the noun makes that noun an adjective (e.g. friend
– friendly, love – lovely, beast – beastly, scholar – scholarly, month –monthly, etc.).
b. Write the following words in the right columns. Change the adjectives into adverbs and nouns into adjectives, as shown in the example.
|rain, careful, bush, spice, perfect, automatic, snow, blood, certain, cloud, fair, general,
heavy, bag, proud, rapid, mood, noise, proper, air, final, common, beautiful, frequent,
snow, hungry, cream, dust, ease, ice, oil, spice fun, hand, greed, health, hill
c. Fill in the gaps with the appropriate adjective or adverb.
i. Pramila is playing …quietly… (quiet/quietly).
ii. Hari speaks very …loudly… (loud/loudly).
iii. Mukesh is a …careful… (careful/carefully) driver.
iv. The test was …easy… (easy/easily) and we finished in time.
v. He is fitting the …automatic… (automatic/automatically) door in my house.
vi. My uncle speaks …perfect… (perfect/perfectly) Chinese.
vii. It was raining very …heavily… (heavy/heavily).
viii. She looked very …calm… (calm/calmly), but I am sure she was feeling very
Position of adverbs
A. Study these sentences.
a. Perhaps she is not coming to the party.
b. I sometimes visit him in the supermarket.
c. He drove the car carefully.
Here the words in bold are adverbs.
Adverbs can be placed at the front, in the middle or at the end position of a clause or sentence.
B. Rewrite the following sentences with the adverbs in the appropriate place.
a. I watch television. (often)
Ans: I often watch television.
b. Have you been to Janakpur? (ever)
Ans: Have you ever been to Janakpur?
c. They play football on Saturdays. (sometimes)
Ans: They sometimes play football on Saturdays.
d. The weather is bad in November. (always)
Ans: The weather is always bad in November.
e. We have fish for dinner. (seldom)
Ans: We seldom have fish for dinner.
f. Pritam doesn’t get up before seven. (usually)
Ans: Pritam doesn’t usually get up before seven.
g. I was very tired and I was hungry. (also)
Ans: I was very tired and I was also hungry.
h. Did you enjoy the flight? (both)
Ans: Did you both enjoy the flight?
C. Rewrite the following sentences placing the underlined words in the right position.
a. I never have understood her.
Ans: I have never understood her.
b. We are often invited to the parties.
Ans: We are often invited to the parties.
c. We all were tired, so we all fell asleep.
Ans: We were all tired, so we fell all asleep.
d. Rajan drives always to work.
Ans: Rajan always drives to work.
e. Pradip hardly ever watches television, but he reads newspapers a lot.
Ans: Pradip hardly ever watches television, but he reads newspapers a lot.
f. We enjoyed very much the party.
Ans: We enjoyed the party very much.
g. My brother speaks fluently English.
Ans: My brother speaks English fluently.